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How Forex Spread Affects Your Trading Strategies

Forex trading is a popular way to make money in the financial markets. One reason it's gained popularity is because it's easy to get started and you can trade from anywhere with an internet connection.

The rise of mobile devices has also made it easier for traders to access the forex market via their smartphone or tablet.

But while the forex market continues to attract traders, it's important to understand some of the key elements of forex trading.

One important aspect for traders to understand before jumping in is the forex spread. It's the main cost incurred when you open a new position. It's important to understand how the forex spread affects your account profits.

To fully understand it, it's helpful to know how the forex spread is calculated and how it's applied to an open trade.

Understanding the Bid-Ask Spread in Forex Trading

If you're new to forex trading, you might have heard the term 'bid-ask spread' and wondered what it means. In this article, we'll explain the bid-ask spread and how it affects your trades.

When you trade forex, you're buying and selling different currency pairs. The bid price is the highest price that a buyer is willing to pay for a currency pair, while the ask price is the lowest price a seller is willing to accept. The difference between these two prices is the bid-ask spread.

For example, let's say you want to buy the EUR/USD currency pair. The current bid price is 1.2000 and the ask price is 1.2005. The bid-ask spread would be 0.0005, which is the cost of the trade.

The bid-ask spread can vary depending on the currency pair and the liquidity of the market. In general, the more liquid a market is, the smaller the bid-ask spread will be.

It's important to keep in mind that the bid-ask spread is a cost of trading and it's something you need to consider when calculating your potential profits and losses.

It's a good idea to compare the spreads of different currency pairs and brokers to find the best deal for your trades.

The Role of the Forex Spread in Your Trades

When a trader opens a new position in the forex market, they may incur a cost of 1.5 pips. If the trade is closed in a losing position, this cost will be added to the loss.

On the other hand, if the trade is closed in a profitable position, the cost will be subtracted from the profit. As a result, at the end of the day, a trader will have a total cost of 3 pips for opening and closing a trade with a spread of 1.5 pips.

However, the overall cost can vary depending on the broker and the lot size that the trader uses. Some brokers offer standard lots, which are equal to 100,000 units, while others offer mini lots, which are equal to one-tenth of a standard lot.

Micro lots are also becoming increasingly popular. For example, if a trader places a single standard lot in the forex market, they will incur a total cost of $15, while placing a single mini lot will cost $1.5. These costs will double when the trade is closed.

Therefore, it is important for traders to carefully consider their trade decisions and aim to close their positions in a profitable position.

However, it is also important to recognize when a trade is not likely to recover and to cut losses in such situations.


The forex market offers traders the chance to make significant profits, but not all traders are successful. In fact, many traders lose money and close their accounts within a few months of starting to trade in the forex market.

This may be due, in part, to a lack of understanding about certain aspects of forex trading, such as the FX spread, and its potential impact on trading profits.

To increase the chances of success in the forex market, it is essential for traders to understand how a high FX spread can affect their profits. This understanding can help traders to choose the right broker, such as one that offers low spreads.